Diabetic Eye Disease

On 05 November 2020 by Droobi

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Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems like diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, cataract, and glaucoma. Though there will not be any symptoms at the beginning, over time, poorly managed diabetes can cause damage to the eyes leading to poor vision and sometimes even blindness. 90% of the blindness caused can be prevented by early detection. Annual eye checkups are a must even if no symptoms are shown for people living with diabetes.

Let us look into the details of various diabetic eye diseases:

  • Diabetic retinopathy: The blood vessels in the retina swell, leak or close off completely and sometimes abnormal new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina.

  • Diabetic macular edema: Fluid builds up on the retina which causes swelling and blurry vision. This might lead to vision loss or blindness.

  • Cataracts: Uncontrolled blood sugar can cause cataracts which creates clouded effect on the eye lens. A surgery might be needed to remove the lens effected.

  • Glaucoma: It damages the eye’s optic nerve due to the fluid buildup in the front of the eye. This fluid increases the pressure in the eye which damages the optic nerve.


How to prevent diabetic eye disease?

To prevent diabetic eye disease and all other potential complications, you need to:

  1. Be aware

  2. Be ready

  3. Be able to make the right choices to manage your diabetes, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Quit smoking will also be of a great benefit given its impact on the blood vessels. 


PS: Special eye care professionals can always assist and help in managing vision changes. Do not hesitate to visit them when you feel any minor change in your vision!

Start taking better care of your health and conditions now, as this can protect your eyes, but also your heart, kidneys, nerves, and feet for the future. It is never too late to begin!