Thyroid dysfunction and diabetes

On 21 Januvary 2021 by Droobi


How Thyroid Affects Diabetes?


The Thyroid has an important role in the body’s metabolism thus it affects diabetes also.

It might not always be easy to control diabetes when you have thyroid dysfunction. Hyper and hypothyroidism will lead to high or low blood sugars, will affect the way our body uses the insulin and the complications resulting from it.


How do you know your thyroids are not working fine?

It’s important to get your thyroid checked regularly by lab tests. The most-used screening test is the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). If the thyroid function is low, TSH level will be high to try to pick up the pace. If the thyroid is overactive, TSH will be low, trying to slow it down.


How can I do the double management?

  • Medication prescribed- It’s advisable that medication to be taken on empty stomach 1-2 hours before the start of the meal every day at the same time.


  • Diet - iodine is the most important nutrient to monitor- Mostly found in salt. If you’re using alternative salts or no salt, you may want to get more iodine. Sea vegetables (seaweed) and seafoods are the best sources.


  • Add low fat dairy products: Such as low fat milk, cheese, yogurt etc.


  • Go for lean: Have lean meat, fish and poultry


  • Be cautious of cruciferous vegetables: Such as cauliflower, kale, cabbage, if taken should be blanched first and washed and then cooked.


  • Iron, and calcium supplements act as blockers: They block the thyroid medicine from being absorbed. Schedule your thyroid medicine a couple of hours away from the intake of these supplements.


  • Physical activity helps too: It’s advisable to have physical activity for 30 minutes or more to maintain your weight and stay fit.


Since we can see thyroid and diabetes are closely related managing one of them will help with the improvement of the other. Therefore, it’s important to monitor closely to avoid further complications.