How to Deal with Low and High Blood Sugar Readings

On 02 April 2022 by Droobi

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1. Frequent Monitoring of Blood Sugar

 

Knowing the symptoms of hypo and hyper,  it is recommended you check your blood sugar levels frequently throughout the day; this is especially critical if you are on insulin. 

It is recommended to check blood sugar levels at least four times a day:

  1. Between 10:00 am and 11:00 am

  2. Between 3:00 pm and 4:00 pm

  3. 3 hours after Iftar

  4. Directly before Suhoor

 

If signs of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia (low or high blood sugar) occur, breaking one's fast is recommended in order to normalize blood sugar levels and to prevent more dangerous complications. 

2. “The 15-15 rule” 

 

The 15-15 rule means that you need to have 15 grams of carbohydrate and check your blood sugar after 15 minutes to ensure that you're back to normal range. If it’s still below 70 mg/dL, repeat the steps. Once your blood sugar is back to normal, eat a meal or snack to make sure it doesn’t drop again. 

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Steps: 

  1. Have 15 grams of fast-acting sugar only (3 tsp sugar in water or 1 tablespoon of honey). Other examples of fast acting sugar include juice, sweet candy, soda… Do your best to avoid carbs that also have fat and fiber which will slow down the blood sugar spike, like chocolate or bread. 

  2. Wait 15 min and check your blood sugar levels. 

  3. If it is above 80mg/dl, you can have a snack that contains carbs and protein. If it remains low, you need to repeat the treatment

Takeaway: Having low blood sugar levels for too long can lead to serious complications, so you should take immediate action and test if you think your blood sugar level is low. Don’t be hesitant to break your fast if you have a low blood sugar reading and are not feeling well.